The Sanskrit word 'Yantra' derives from the root 'yam'
meaning to sustain, hold or support the energy inherent
in a particular element, object or concept. It is
usually composed of an outer geometrical form enclosing
interior geometrical designs. Each particular design
is used for a specific purpose or intent. In its first
meaning, 'Yantra' may refer to any kind of mechanical
contrivance, which is harnessed to aid an enterprise.
A Yantra in this sense, therefore, is any sort of
machine or instrument such as is used in architecture,
astronomy, alchemy, chemistry, warfare or recreation.
In Indian culture from Ancient times to achieve happiness,
prosperity, long life and good health; there has been quite an
important role of Yantra, Tantra and Mantra. These Mystical
Diagrams called Yantra are written on Tantra in the form of
Gold, Silver, copper, Asthdhatu and Bhoj Patra symbolize
different Powers. These Yantra are energized or Pran
Pratishthit by using different Mantras of respective Deities.
These deities in Yantra then help in achieving Particular task
or desire. Yantra are energized by Seed and Tantrik Mantra
which give immediate results and help in achieving desired
A Yantra is a geometric design acting as a highly efficient
tool for contemplation, concentration and meditation. Yantras
carry spiritual significance, and point the user to higher
levels of consciousness.
The Yantra provides a focal point that is a window into the
absolute. When the mind is concentrated on a single, simple
object (in this case a Yantra), the mental chatter ceases.
Eventually, the object is dropped when the mind can remain
empty and silent without help. In the most advanced phases, it
is possible to attain union with God by the geometric
visualization of a Yantra.
A Sanskrit text of the eleventh century AD, Samarangana
Sutradhara on the science of architecture, gives vivid
descriptions of the making and operating of such mechanical
Yantra as a wooden flying bird, wooden aero planes meant to
fly with hot mercury as fuel, male and female robot figures,
etc. The meaning of the term Yantra has been expanded to refer
to religious enterprises, and has acquired a special
theological significance. Mystic Yantra are aids to and the
chief instruments of meditative discipline. Basically a Yantra
used in this context and for this purpose is an abstract
geometrical design intended as a 'tool' for meditation and
Principle of Yantra >>